歐佩克原油減產將幫助美國2021年頁巖獲利

中國石化新聞網訊 據原油新聞1月11日消息稱,歐佩克和其他盟國決定在3月份之前削減原油產量,這為削減成本的美國頁巖公司提供瞭一份遲來的聖誕節禮物,但這一意外舉措引發的油價上漲可能隻是為瞭增加庫存。

去年美國原油產量下降瞭200萬桶/天,原因是低油價和低需求迫使頁巖油生產商減少損失。在疫情爆發之前,投資者已經在向該行業施壓,要求其削減支出並提高回報。頁巖氣產量很快就被削減瞭,但如果油價繼續上漲,產量可能會迅速回升。

周二,全球最大石油出口國沙特阿拉伯表示,將在2月和3月自願減產100萬桶/天。此前,俄羅斯擔心美國頁巖氣會利用該組織的減產措施,推動增產。

俄羅斯和哈薩克斯坦將增加產量,不願將市場份額讓給美國。總體而言,歐佩克+計劃在兩個月內恢復50萬桶/天。沙特官員擔心,在新的冠狀病毒封鎖期間,新的增長將超過需求。

曹海斌 摘譯自 原油新聞

原文如下:

OPEC Crude Output Cuts Should Help U.S. Shale Profits in 2021

A decision by OPEC and allied countries to cut crude production through March delivered a late Christmas present for U.S. shale firms that have slashed costs, but any rise in prices spurred by the unexpected move may be just a modest stocking stuffer.

U.S. crude oil production has fallen 2 million barrels per day in the last year as low prices and demand forced shale producers to cut their losses. Investors had already been pressuring the industry to curb spending and boost returns before the pandemic hit. Shale output was quickly cut, but might return quickly if prices keep rising.

On Tuesday, Saudi Arabia, the world’s biggest oil exporter, said it would voluntarily reduce its production by 1 million barrels per day (bpd) in February and March, after Russia pushed to increase output, worried about U.S. shale capitalizing on the group’s cuts.

Russia and Kazakhstan will increase their output, reluctant to cede market share to the United States. Overall, OPEC+ had been due to restore 500,000 bpd in each of the two months. Saudi officials were concerned new increases would outpace demand during new coronavirus lockdowns.

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